Hindi is one of the most spoken languages in the world, with over 500 million speakers. It is the official language of India and is also spoken in other countries, including Nepal and Mauritius. But when did Hindi language born? Let’s take a look at the history of Hindi language.
Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language that evolved from Sanskrit. Sanskrit is an ancient language that was used in India for religious and philosophical texts. Hindi evolved from the Prakrit languages, which were used in ancient India. The Prakrit languages were spoken by the common people, unlike Sanskrit, which was used by scholars and priests.
The earliest form of Hindi was known as Apabhramsha. Apabhramsha was a mix of Sanskrit and Prakrit languages and was spoken in the 7th century. Over time, Apabhramsha evolved into different dialects, such as Braj Bhasha, Awadhi, and Khari Boli.
During the Mughal era, Persian was the official language of the court. Persian had a significant influence on the Hindi language, and many Persian words were adopted into Hindi. The Devanagari script, which is used to write Hindi, was also developed during this time.
In the 19th century, Hindi was standardized and given a new form. This new form of Hindi was known as Modern Standard Hindi. Modern Standard Hindi was based on the Khari Boli dialect and was heavily influenced by Sanskrit. It was adopted as the official language of India after independence in 1947.
In conclusion, Hindi language has a rich and diverse history. It evolved from Sanskrit and Prakrit languages and was heavily influenced by Persian. Over time, it evolved into different dialects, and the modern form of Hindi was standardized in the 19th century. Today, Hindi is one of the most spoken languages in the world and has a significant impact on Indian culture and society.