India is a country that is famous for its diversity, with over 1.3 billion people speaking over 19,500 languages and dialects. Despite this, Hindi has been declared the official language of India. It is widely spoken in the northern, western, and central regions of the country and is recognized as the national language of India. But who made Hindi the national language of India?
The origins of Hindi can be traced back to the 10th century, when it emerged as a distinct language from its parent language, Sanskrit. It is a descendent of the Indo-Aryan language family and is closely related to Urdu, which is spoken in Pakistan.
The idea of making Hindi the national language of India was floated during the freedom struggle, led by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. In the early 20th century, the Indian National Congress passed a resolution to make Hindi the national language of India. However, it was not until 1949 that the Indian Constitution officially declared Hindi as the national language of India.
The decision to make Hindi the national language of India was not without controversy. Many people in southern India were opposed to the decision, as they felt that it gave Hindi-speaking regions an unfair advantage over other regions of India. This led to violent protests, which were eventually quelled by the Indian government.
Despite the controversy, Hindi remains the national language of India and is widely spoken throughout the country. It is also the fourth most spoken language in the world, with over 600 million speakers worldwide.
In conclusion, the decision to make Hindi the national language of India was a controversial one, but it has been widely accepted by the Indian people. Hindi is an important part of Indian culture and identity, and it continues to play a significant role in the country’s development and progress.