Hindi is the fourth most spoken language in the world, with over 500 million speakers. It is the official language of India and is widely spoken in countries such as Nepal, Mauritius, Fiji, and Guyana. Hindi is written in the Devanagari script, which consists of 47 characters, including vowels, consonants, and symbols. In this blog post, we will discuss how many alphabets are in the Hindi language.
In Hindi, the term for alphabet is “akshar,” which means a letter or a sound. The Hindi language has 11 vowels and 36 consonants, making a total of 47 letters. The 11 vowels are अ, आ, इ, ई, उ, ऊ, ए, ऐ, ओ, औ, and अं. The first two vowels, अ and आ, are considered to be the same sound, with अं being a nasal sound that is pronounced with a vowel sound.
The 36 consonants in Hindi are क, ख, ग, घ, ङ, च, छ, ज, झ, ञ, ट, ठ, ड, ढ, ण, त, थ, द, ध, न, प, फ, ब, भ, म, य, र, ल, व, श, ष, स, ह, क्ष, त्र, and ज्ञ. The letters क, ख, ग, घ, and ङ are called “velar” consonants, whereas च, छ, ज, झ, and ञ are “palatal” consonants. The letters ट, ठ, ड, ढ, and ण are “retroflex” consonants, and त, थ, द, ध, and न are “dental” consonants.
In addition to vowels and consonants, the Devanagari script also includes several symbols and marks that are used to indicate pronunciation and grammar. For example, the “anusvara” (अं) is used to indicate a nasal sound, and the “visarga” (ः) is used to indicate a glottal stop. The “chandrabindu” (ँ) is used to indicate nasalization, and the “halant” (्) is used to indicate a consonant without a vowel sound.
In conclusion, the Hindi language has 47 letters, including 11 vowels, 36 consonants, and several symbols and marks. The Devanagari script is an essential part of the Hindi language and is used to write not only Hindi but also other languages such as Sanskrit, Marathi, and Nepali. Understanding the Devanagari script and the letters of the Hindi language is essential for anyone who wants to learn and communicate in Hindi.